What Is Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder sometimes known as manic depression. It causes intense shifts in mood. People who suffer from it may spend weeks by feeling that before falling into a major depression they are on top of the world. The length of each low and high varies from person to person.
What the Depression Phase is looking?
Without proper treatment, a person who has bipolar disorder may have extreme episodes of depression. Symptoms include hopelessness, sadness, loss of energy, anxiety, and trouble concentrating. They may also lose interest in some activities that they used to enjoy before it. It’s also very common to sleep too much or too little, gain or lose weight, and even think about suicide.
What Are the Causes?
Current theories say that disorder may effect from a combination of genetic as well as other environmental and biological factors. Scientists say that brain circuits engaged in the regulation of mood, thinking and energy. Different biological rhythms function in abnormal way in people who have bipolar disorder.
Who is at higher Risk?
There is almost equal percentage of bipolar disorder in both Men and women. Mostly, symptoms start in people who are 15 to 30 years old. In More rare cases, it can start in childhood. Sometimes the condition can run in families, but not every person in a family may have it.
You can also read about: What is schizophrenia? major causes, Symptoms and Treatments
How Doctors Diagnose It?
A major step is to discard other possible causes of intense mood swings, including some other conditions or some side effects of medicines. Your doctor will do a checkup and ask you some questions. Doctor may give lab tests too. After considering all of these things carefully a psychiatrist makes the diagnosis. Your doctor may also talk to your friends or other people who know you to find out if your behavior and mood have had some major changes.
Which Medicines Treat It?
Just like major depression, For bipolar disorder there are many types of prescription drugs. Include mood stabilizers that avoid episodes of ups and downs as well as antipsychotic and antidepressants drugs. When they are not in a depressive phase, then people take maintenance medications to prevent a relapse.
What You Can Do?
Your Everyday habits cannot cure bipolar disorder. But it helps out to make sure you eat healthy diet regularly, get enough sleep, and exercise. Stop to drink alcohol and other recreational drugs, because they can make its symptoms worse.
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
It’s one of the fast ways to relieve severe symptoms. This treatment put into practice while you’re “asleep” under a general anesthesia, can improve mood symptoms of a bipolar disorder rapidly. It uses an electric current which cause a seizure in the brain. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) is often a very safe and more effective treatment option for extreme mood episodes when medications not produce meaningful results.
Let People In
Unfortunately, if you have bipolar disorder, then you may want to tell the people you are close to, like your immediate family or your partner, so they may help you to manage the severe condition. Try to explain them about its affects and about your need. With their help, you may feel more motivated to attach with your treatment plan.
Concerned About Someone?
There are many people with bipolar disorder avoid getting help or even do not realize they have a problem. If you think a family member or friend may have it, you should encourage them to ask a mental health expert or doctor. Be aware about their feelings, and must remember that it takes a professional to diagnose it. But if it is another mental illness or bipolar disorder then treatment can help.