A constant sense of despair and hopelessness is a major sign you may have major depression, also called clinical depression.
With having major depression, it’s very difficult to eat healthy diet, work, study, sleep, and even enjoy your family, friends and activities. Some people have major depression only once in their whole life, while others may have it many times in a lifetime.
Sometimes Major depression transfer from one generation to the next generation in families, but it may also affect people with having no family history of the depression.
What Is Major Depression?
There are many people who feel low or sad at some point in their entire lives. But major or clinical depression is judged by a depressed mood in most of the day, an even sometimes particularly in the morning. Also there is huge gap and loss of interest in relationships and normal activities. Major depression symptoms:
- Feelings of guilt or insignificance almost every day.
- Fatigue or weakness almost every day.
- Weak concentration, uncertainty.
- Insomnia almost every day.
- Markedly impaired interest in almost all activities every day.
- Feeling slowed down or Restlessness.
- Thoughts of suicide or death.
- Significant lose weight fast or weight gain.
Who is at great Risk for Major Depression?
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, Major depression affects almost 6.8% of the U.S. population of age 18. Generally, between 25% and 30% of adults may also suffer an episode of clinical depression at a point during their entire life. It also affects children, teens, and older adults but.
Are Women at great Risk for Major Depression?
About twice as many women than men have major depression; hormonal changes in puberty, miscarriage, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause, may boost the risk.
Other great factors that increase the risk of major or clinical depression in women include increased stress at work or at home, Raising a child alone , caring for an aging parent and balancing family life with career.
You can also read about: Warning Signs, Causes and treatment of Bipolar Disorder
How Is Major Depression identified?
A health expert– such as a psychiatrist or your family doctor will do this job. The professional doctors or psychiatrist will ask about your family and personal psychiatric history. They may ask you various questions that diagnose for the symptoms of this illness.
However, there is no X-ray, blood test, or many other laboratory tests that can diagnose major depression. But, your doctor may run some blood tests to help diagnose other medical problems that have similar symptoms of depression. Like hypothyroidism can cause few of the same symptoms as depression.
How Is Major Depression Treated?
Though it is a serious illness but still it’s a treatable illness. Depending on severity of depression symptoms, your psychiatrist or family doctor may suggest treatment with an antidepressant drug. He or she may also recommend psychotherapy, in which you can address your emotional state.
To boost its effectiveness, sometimes other medications are added to the antidepressant as well. Certain medicines are good for some people. It’s necessary for your primary care doctor to try different drugs at various doses to find out which medicine works better for you.
There are also other treatment options for depression — such as shock therapy or electroconvulsive therapy, also known as ECT – these options can be put into practice if symptoms are severe or drugs prove ineffective.
Is it Prevented?
If you have had an episode of clinical depression, you are at great risk of having another episode. The good way to avoid another episode of depression is to must be aware about causes of major depression and to avoid relapse should continue taking the recommend medication. It is also essential to know what the different symptoms of clinical depression are and if you have any of these symptoms then talk with your doctor early.