Anxiety disorders can cause such distress that it weakens your ability to lead a simple and normal life. Anxiety disorder symptoms can lead to a severe mental health problem.
Many people feel nervous or anxious before taking a test, when faced with a problem at work, or making an important decision. In other words almost everyone feels anxious and it’s a normal emotion.
It can cause other severe mental illnesses. But with proper treatment, many people can get back to a fulfilling life by managing those feelings.
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What Are the Types of Anxiety Disorders?
There are numerous kinds:
Panic disorder. People who suffer with it have feelings of terror.It can feel that you are having a heart attack or you’re going crazy.
There are also some Other symptoms of a panic disorder like chest pain, sweating, palpitations, and a feeling of choking.
Social anxiety disorder. It’s Also known as social phobia, this involves self-consciousness and overwhelming worry about daily social situations.
The worry usually centers on a panic of being judged by others, or acting in a way that might lead to ridicule or cause embarrassment.
Specific phobias. These are extreme fears of a specific situation or object, like heights or flying. The level of fear is often improper to the situation and it may cause you to restrict or avoid daily situations.
Generalized anxiety disorder. This is extreme, unrealistic tension and worry, even if there is little or even nothing to evoke the anxiety.
Anxiety Disorder Symptoms
Just like depression symptoms general anxiety disorder symptoms include:
- Problems sleeping
- Feelings of fear, panic, and uneasiness
- Cold or sweaty hands or feet
- Heart palpitations
- Shortness of breath
- Not being able to be calm
- Dry mouth
- tingling in the hands or feet
- Muscle tension
What Are the Causes of Anxiety Disorders?
After doing great research scientists found causes of schizophrenia but still don’t know about the exact anxiety disorders Symptoms, but on mental illness they continue their research.
But like other forms of mental illness anxiety disorders are not the result of a character flaw, personal weakness, or poor upbringing.
Scientists say that changes in the brain with the combination of environmental stress can be the major causes many of these disorders.
Like other brain weaknesses or illnesses, anxiety disorders may be the ultimate result of problems in the functioning or working of brain circuits that regulate fear and other various emotions.
According to different Studies severe stress can change the way of nerve cells in these brain circuits pass on different data from one brain region to another.
Additionally, studies have also shown that anxiety depression can run in families.
It means that they can partly be inherited at least from one or both parents, just like cancer or genetic risk for heart disease. In addition to that, certain environmental factors i.e a trauma or significant event may also trigger an anxiety disorder.
How Are Anxiety Disorders Diagnosed?
If anxiety disorder symptoms are present, then the doctor will start an evaluation by performing a physical fitness test after asking you various questions related to your medical history.
Although to diagnose anxiety disorders there are no lab tests, but the doctor may use different tests to search for other medical illness which is the cause of the anxiety disorder symptoms.
After that, If there is no other medical illness is found, then you may be ask to go to a psychologist, psychiatrist, or another mental health expert who is specifically trained to identify and treat mental illnesses.
Psychologists or Psychiatrists use assessment tools and a designed interview to diagnose a person for an anxiety disorder.
the patient’s report of the duration of symptoms is base on which doctor made his or her diagnosis. The doctor then determines if the degree of dysfunction and patient’s symptoms indicate a particular anxiety disorder.
How Are Anxiety Disorders Treated?
Fortunately, in the last two decades much progress has been made in the treatment of people with mental disorders, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and anxiety disorders.
Though the exact treatment procedure depends on the kind of disorder, but for most anxiety disorders one following therapies or a combination of them may be used:
- Medication : Many Antidepressants, certain anticonvulsant medicines, low-dose antipsychotics and other anxiety-reducing drugs can be used to reduce the symptoms of anxiety disorders .
- Psychotherapy : Psychotherapy is a process which addresses the emotional response to mental disorder. It is a process in which mental health experts help people by talking about strategies for diagnosing and dealing with their illness.
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy: This is a specific type of psychotherapy in which the person find out to recognize and vary thought patterns and behaviors that result to troublesome feelings.
- Relaxation therapy
- Dietary and lifestyle changes
Can Anxiety Disorders Be Prevented?
Although an Anxiety disorders can’t be prevented however, there are few things you can do to lessen or control symptoms:
- reduce or Stop consumption of products that include caffeine, such as cola, coffee, tea, and energy drinks.
- before taking any medicines or herbal remedies Ask your doctor or pharmacist. Many include chemicals that can improve anxiety symptoms.
- if you start to feel anxious regularly then Seek counseling and support.